A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. A plea bargain is an agreement that the defendant will plead guilty to the original or another charge in return for some concession from the prosecutor. Criminal complaints are typically sought when an arrest must be made immediately. Sexual Assault is a second degree crime. Dress neatly. victims testimony at a hearing/trial is not necessary to prove Driving on a Suspended or Revoked License Charges, School Zone Distribution of Drugs Charges, Police Welcome Drop in Crime During Covid-19 Lockdown; Worry Over Spike in Domestic Violence Calls, Domestic Violence Incidents Climb Dangerously During Covid-19 Lockdown, NJs Attorney General Cracks Down on Coronavirus Threats. The guilt phase generally begins with the prosecutors opening statement. At that point, the offender has few opportunities to obtain relief. The victim has the right to appear but may not be called. If you received services from OCVJC and would like to provide feedback or comments on your experience, please click here Satisfaction Survey. All witnesses who testify before the grand jury can't be prosecuted for what they say. If the agency concludes that a crime was committed and identifies a suspect, federal law enforcement officers (known as special agents) may make an arrest without obtaining an arrest warrant; may obtain an arrest warrant for a named person; or, in some circumstances, may delay making an arrest in order to obtain additional evidence proving the suspects guilt. Grand jury proceedings are conducted in strict secrecy. A body attachment is a court order directing law enforcement to immediately A grand jury is an impartial body of citizens drawn from the community that has the responsibility to investigate whether a crime has been committed and by whom. If there is no jury, the judge will deliberate and return a verdict. ET onmsnbc.com. Victims not going through the criminal justice process can contact community based organizations for resources that may be available to them. Do Victims Have To Testify In Court? Second: The nature of the federal offense may determine which agency undertakes the investigation. Under this circumstance, a defendant will have the "privilege" of testifying provided he waives his Miranda rights and right to counsel as defense attorneys are . If you are calling from another state, our advocates can help you locate services within your state. a witness to appear and give evidence in a court proceeding). Most recently, George Zimmerman did not testify in his criminal trial in Florida. . BE A RESPONSIBLE WITNESS. This initial appearance generally will occur as soon as practicable following arrest and must occur before 72 hours have passed. If you have trouble retrieving police records, contact OCVJC. It is a very low standard. Grand Jury Witness Travel Expenses Grand Jury witnesses are entitled to the same travel expenses as all other witnesses. learn more, or After hearing from those parties and the government, the court may sentence the offender to imprisonment, probation, community service, or another such program. The probation officer will investigate any aggravating and mitigating factors present in the case and will prepare a pre-sentence report summarizing those factors for the judge. If you receive a grand jury subpoena, be aware that the DA's office may be required to schedule it quickly. WRONG! Since a police department isan agencyof the prosecutor's office there is an inherent conflict of interest. Please contact the Victim-Witness Unit staff to determine your specific entitlement under the law. In essence, the grand juror must feel there is enough evidence against the person to proceed to trial. In some cases, the defendant may be released at the initial appearance. By extension, a defendant has the absolute right to remain silent and not testify at his trial. However, the prosecutor may extend an invitation for a defendant or target of investigation to testify. When a victim APS cannot force services upon clients and has no authority to take an endangered adult into custody or to investigate when the client is no longer at risk. In most cases, police are not required to take a report. by fastlaw on November 17, 2020 with No Comments. Once arrested, a defendant will be brought before the court for an initial appearance. Start here to find criminal defense lawyers near you. For most of the 20th century, an imprisoned offender could be released on parole before completing his sentence. Do not appear to be a "wise guy" or you will lose the respect of the judge and the jury. Prosecutors typically subpoena witnesses to appear before a grand jury because either: People called before a grand jury as witnesses do not have to be warned that they are or may become targets. If a magistrate has issued a search warrant for a suspect or if a grand jury has returned an indictment against a suspect, federal agents will arrest the suspect and place him or her in custody pending court proceedings. Nonetheless, a victim does not have a right to veto the prosecutors decision to engage in plea negotiations or to accept a guilty plea from a defendant as part of a plea bargain. District Attorney's OfficeRon Brown, District AttorneyMailing Address: The APS philosophy stresses self-determination and the use of the least restrictive and least intrusive interventions. But the grand jurors can submit questions to the prosecutor to ask witnesses. (For much more on immunity, see Immunity From Prosecution .) How long after arrest do I find out what the charges are? BEING SWORN IN AS A WITNESS. dont have the last word on whether the prosecutor will pursue charges. If there has been no arrest warrant or indictment, the arresting agents must bring the suspect before a magistrate (or judge), who then will determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the arrestee committed a crime. How is the grand jury chosen, and how does the grand jury process function? the victim would fear retribution by that person and if that same person But when a federal grand jury has produced a subpoena, the person has to appear or faces contempt of court. For additional information and tools, visit the Resource page for Section 5.6, Case Proceedings. In most cases it's a few months. And they sit a few days a week. A defense attorney has no ability to control his clients testimony in the Grand Jury since the defense attorney cannot be present during the questioning. Grand jury proceedings are closed, and witnesses are not entitled to be represented by counsel during the proceedings. 125 Half Mile Road, Suite 200, Red Bank, NJ 07701 (732)*625*9661 However, if the victim is still uncooperative the prosecutor being properly notified to appear. In criminal cases -- whether the prosecution has proved their case beyond a reasonable doubt. If the client has the capacity to make decisions, APS must honor the adult's wishes. United States Attorney's Office Do not exaggerate or guess.More itemsFeb 10, 2015, Tips for TestifyingSPEAK IN YOUR OWN WORDS. This information is not intended to create, and receipt Judges can detain or release a defendant, with or without conditions. but what does this mean for your case? There are several reasons why a victim may not want to testify against Grand Jury witnesses are entitled to the same witness fees as all other witnesses. A grand jury (12 to 23 people) is a body that investigates criminal conduct. attempts and some convincing by law enforcement to get the victim to come I need arguments that the law should be made to encourage people to report crimes .The defense can still make a case. There are several reasons why a victim may not want to testify against a defendant. A victim may appear in court and make a statement regarding the plea agreement. On the other hand, if law enforcement or FBI agents were to request an interview from a witness, the person has the option of not talking. Neither the defendant nor his attorney are present at the grand jury, only victims, witnesses and police are in attendance. the defendants criminal history; the strength and number of other Copyright 2023 MH Sub I, LLC dba Nolo Self-help services may not be permitted in all states. The law does not require a federal court to accept a plea agreement. A motion is the name given to papers filed with the district court asking it to do something in the case. Regarding that last subject: During the background investigation, a probation officer will speak with the victim. However, The grand jury is held at the District Attorney's Office and all victims who attend the grand jury are accompanied by an advocate. A knowingly false answer to any question could be the basis for a prosecution of the witness for perjury. Police officers will also have a team of lawyers coaching them because they are represented by union attorneys who are often former prosecutors. The court also can fine the offender or order the offender to pay restitution to the victim. Only government attorneys, investigators and witnesses who are testifying, a court reporter, and an interpreter, if necessary, can be present in the grand jury room. Seattle Main Office: Contact. Be A Responsible Witness Miranda-type warnings are not required, and, unless they are specifically given immunity (that is, promised that they won't be charged based on their testimony), any testimony witnesses provide to a grand jury may be used against them in a later prosecution. To review, a defendant does not have an absolute right to testify before a Grand Jury. 700 Stewart Street, Suite 5220 An official website of the United States government. the prosecutors case beyond a reasonable doubt and, therefore, The subpoena will direct you to appear, usually in the afternoon on a weekday, at the Grand Jury. Federal, state and county prosecutors utilize grand juries to decide whether probable cause exists to support. who do i send notice of injunctive relief to in washington attorney gebneral? Defense lawyers can often confer with the prosecutor to find out whether a client is the target of a grand jury investigation. Clatsop County District Attorneys Office A complaint and arrest warrant can be obtained quickly whereas an indictment requires a grand jury to be seated, with an indictment and evidence presented. Seattle, WA 98101-1271. Offices in Columbus, Cincinnati, and ClevelandOffice Hours: 8-4 pm, Copyright 2022,, Ohio Crime Victim Justice Center, All Rights Reserved. your rights and defend you. The government and the defendant may agree to forego a trial and have the defendant enter a plea of guilty as part of a plea bargain. The Grand Jury is a secret process which victims do not have the right to attend. Others believe that the law requires her to - as the Sixth Amendment gives defendants the right to confront their accuser. These rights are broken down by phase of the process, including the hospital, investigation, prosecution, and post-conviction. (For much more on immunity, see Immunity From Prosecution. Typically, grand juries convene to consider an indictment presented by a prosecutor and to vote on it after hearing testimony given under oath by an investigator and sometimes witnesses. (A subpoena is a court order directing A judge has denied Gov. A defendant has an absolute right to testify in front of a Petit Jury. We assist with Victim Compensation, VINE, and safety plans. If the jury or judge finds the defendant guilty of at least one count charged in the indictment, the court will impose some sentence on the offender. Robbery also is outlawed in every state, but it is not a federal offense unless there is some connection with the federal government, such as the robbery of a federally insured bank. ", As a whole, there really isn't anything wrongwith the grand jury system. For example, the Secret Service is responsible for investigating counterfeiting of currency, and the FBI is the lead federal agency for terrorism cases. The offender has the right to be present for sentencing, as does a victim. Grand juries hear evidence presented by the government to determine whether there is probable cause that a crime has been committed. GRAND JURY WITNESS FEES AND TRAVEL EXPENSES Grand Jury witnesses are entitled to the same witness fees and travel expenses as all other witnesses. I think there is a possibility for reform around a new law that would state, "if a police officer is accused of a crime a special prosecutor must be appointed to oversee the investigation. Some Individuals who are under investigation or facing criminal charges, Do Not Sell or Share My Personal Information, Steps in a Criminal Case- Arrest to Appeal. However, we can be there in a hallway nearby. "Sometimes when you think about human trafficking you think on a larger scale, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, New York City," said PSP Trooper David . Have a question about Government Services. A locked padlock You will receive a $40 witness fee for each day your are required to be in court, or attend a pretrial interview, including travel days. This is called immunity. Grand jurors will only be excused "for cause," meaning they cannot be fair and impartial. If that person is convicted and sentenced to prison, An offender has the right to appeal to a circuit court of appeals. Grand jury proceedings are conducted in strict secrecy. The offender can challenge his conviction or sentence in a habeas corpus proceeding, but there are only limited opportunities for the offender to obtain that relief. Discovery is the pretrial process by which the defendant andto a more limited extentthe prosecutor can demand information and material about the case from the other party. You will receive a $40 witness fee for each day you are required to be in court. If the court rejects the plea agreement, the defendant may withdraw the guilty plea, and the case will proceed to trial. Download Form (pdf, 271.04 KB) Form Number: AO 110. Even when the defendant is detained, the prosecutor should also seek a restraining or protective order that includes a provision that the defendant cannot have any direct or indirect contact with the victim by any means, including third parties or social media. may proceed to trial with the case. Of course jurors, in general, are often excused for logistical reasons (scheduling, etc). Subpoena to Testify Before Grand Jury. Does that mean You can find a complete list of your rights in the Victims Rights Toolkit. be dismissed because the victim(s) will not testify or go to court. A defendant who is a foreign national and in the United States unlawfully mostly likely will be detained because of the flight risk factor. Federal criminal charges can be brought in one of three forms: indictment, criminal complaint (followed by indictment), or information. A regular jury (6 to 12 people) -- aka a petit jury -- hears only trial cases. To review, a defendant does not have an absolute right to testify before a Grand Jury. In the cases of Ferguson and Staten Island, why did these cases go to a grand jury, instead of the prosecutor charging the officers themselves? Physical, mental, and emotional separation of the trafficker and the victim is critical to breaking the enormous control that the trafficker maintains over almost all victims. A grand jury is an impartial body of citizens drawn from the community that has the responsibility to investigate whether a crime has been committed and by whom. After a person is arrested, the case is immediately -- within a week, unless time is waived -- presented to a grand jury. Category: Subpoena Forms. Congress repealed the federal parole laws more than 20 years ago, but offenders who committed crimes before November 1987 are still eligible for parole. APPEARANCE IS IMPORTANT. To learn how our Los Angeles criminal defense attorneys can assist you, contact Stephen G. Rodriguez & Partners 3.4 Addressing Common Operational Challenges, 4.2 Victim Service Provider Intake & Needs Assessment, 4.3 The Vital Role of Case Management & Service Planning, Victims with Physical, Cognitive, or Emotional Disabilities, Communicating with Individuals with Disabilities, Building Rapport With the Victim as your Witness, 5.5 Strategies for Prosecutors & Law Enforcement, Use Victim Sensitive & Human Trafficking-Specific Language, Ensure Proper Defendant & Informant Sequencing, Engage in Human Trafficking Motion Practice, Adapt the Structural Presentation and Use Three-Dimensional Corroboration, Court Personnel with Limited Task Force Roles, Promoting a Paradigm Shift Within the Court, Resource page for Section 5.6, Case Proceedings. evidence the prosecutor has is the victims statements. After arraignment and before trial, the defendant and the government engage in the discovery and motions process. such as sexual assault and domestic violence, believe their cases will Aggravated Sexual Assault is a first degree crime. Astoria, OR 97103Physical Address: Advocates provide information, support, safety planning, resources, courthouse and meeting accompaniment, and many other services to victims. court and testify. If an offender is imprisoned, the offender will be placed on a period of post-release supervision. A defendant has an absolute right to testify in front of a Petit Jury. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Police detectives collect statements of the victims and all witnesses, document spontaneous statements when they occur, collect physical evidence, photograph the victim and crime scene, and identify, locate, and arrest the alleged perpetrator.Please visit the Ohio Attorney's General's "Services for Seniors" Page or www.elder.findlaw.com for more information on this subject. There are several circumstances in which a prosecutor will move forward In a capital case, voir dire is split into two phases: the general voir dire phase and the death qualification phase. Alaska. In some cases, restitution is a mandatory component of the sentence, and the judge must order to offender to pay it. You will receive a $40 witness fee for each day your are required to be in court, or attend a pretrial interview, including travel days. to court. Plea agreements should reflect the totality and seriousness of the defendants conduct. with that person. Yes, we offer foreign language interpreters upon request. is deported, the victim could lose their means of support. The Victims Rights Toolkit contains a complete, chronological list of all of the rights of Ohio's crime victims in state and federal courts. In the cases of Ferguson and Staten Island, both went to a grand jury because that is standard practice when a case involves a police officer. In most cases the accused has an opportunity -- not required by law, unlike a jury trial -- to testify, but is only questioned by the prosecutor. It may take a few in some cases, a victims testimony may not be necessary therefore Effective onJune 1, 2009. Child Support Division Police reports: You can make a public records request to the police department where you reported the crime. An official website of the United States government. Coroner's reports: A general coroner's report is available to the public, but more detailed reports can only be requested by certain family members. Victims may present testimony to the court, but more typically, an investigator will testify about the nature of the crime, particularly if violence or threats are involved. You will be asked to testify and answer questions concerning the information you may have about matters under consideration by the Grand Jury. This is a huge risk for any defendant and the attorney who represents him or her. Anyone who makes an unauthorized disclosure of information from grand jury proceedings is subject to contempt charges. Sometimes the questions are very simple: Did you give the suspect permission to take your car? Legal action (e.g., involuntary protective services) is a last resort.The Role of Law Enforcement Without an arrest (when you do not physically have the perpetrator or know who he or she is) evidence can be presentedto a grand jury. ) or https:// means youve safely connected to the .gov website. If the court denies the defense motion, the defense may present its own case, and the prosecutor may cross-examine any witnesses presented by the defense. Do not speak to jurors or discuss the case outside of the courtroom. Sometimes, prosecutors do not need the victim to testify at Grand Jury. The victim does have to testify in the grand jury system. and/or to avoid any risk to victims or witnesses. Grand jurors are chosen from the same group of people as trial jurors. Grand juries only decide if there is probable cause to believe the defendant committed a crime. The information on this website is for general information purposes only. But, if a witness signs an immunity waiver he or she can be prosecuted based on the testimony. However, if you have a question, find the name of the Deputy DA printed underneath. What happens when a victim of a charged crime refuses Body attachments are used by criminal courts, After sentencing, the offender may appeal his conviction or sentence in the hope of having either one set aside. The judge will ask very few questions, unlike when selecting a petit jury, when the judge and lawyers ask many questions. Continue reading to Investigative grand juries are almost always used in federal human trafficking cases. Not every step described below will occur in every case. ''As a general rule,'' Justice Altman said . Both persons may make a statement before the court imposes sentence. A grand jury may decide not to charge an individual based upon the evidence, no indictment would come from the grand jury. Contact Adult Protective Services or law enforcement. Law enforcement officers conduct a complete investigation when an alleged crime is reported, to determine if indeed a crime has been committed and if there is enough evidence to file criminal charges and build a case for prosecution. Police have discretion as to whether they believe a crime was committed. Most prosecutors will not easily give up when a victim makes it clear that Grand juries hear cases from prosecutors all day long, and all different types of criminal cases. If your state has a grand jury system, most of the victim advocacy will be . Following the defense case, the prosecutor may present evidence to rebut the defendants case. The attorney listings on this site are paid attorney advertising. There is no Judge in the grand jury room. The Grand Jury inquires into possible violations of Federal law which may have been committed in the Western District of Washington. Not every federal law enforcement agency has the responsibility to investigate every crime. case or situation. Official websites use .gov The Grand Jury is a secret process which victims do not have the right to attend. witnesses to the crime; the victims availability and willingness Resolution of Criminal Charges a prosecutor regards a witness as a target (a person suspected of crime) and wants to develop evidence against the witness. and injuries sustained by the victim; When there is an interview of the victim taken by police; When the victim previously provided sworn testimony in documents or at We provide services to all crime victims regardless of their disAbility. But before the court does so, a probation officer will conduct a background investigation. The information provided on this site is not legal advice, does not constitute a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or will be formed by use of the site. Tell the truth. When and why does a case go to a grand jury? It's not the law, just the practice. There is no arrest, you know who the perpetrator is and the case is presented to a grand jury. Conduct yourself in a dignified manner. For example in the Ferguson case, quorum would have been nine out of 12 grand jurors. combination of both. If an indictment is issued, the District Attorney's office will contact you if you are needed for further hearings or a trial. Lock In some cases, the investigation or trial may involve additional events or proceedings, all of which can take a long time to complete. However, the court may authorize disclosure at any time, including imposing conditions pursuant to a judicial proceeding and other specified purposes. If that court does not grant the offender the relief he seeks, he or she can ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review the case, but the Supreme Court has discretion whether to review an offenders case, and it reviews very few federal criminal cases each year. A victim does not have a right to attend Justice Department meetings on a clemency application, let alone to meet the president before he takes action on a clemency application, but a victim can write to the Justice Department about the matter. I hate to use this line but I think it would take "an act of Congress" -- perhaps state congressional action. If the government requires you to stay overnight, you will also receive a standard per diem to cover your food costs. Members of the Grand Jury are selected at random from the list of prospective jurors, from which trial jurors are also chosen. If so, the defense lawyer may try to work out a deal in which the target agrees to testify before the grand jury in exchange for immunity from prosecution. Most grand juries are 12 to 23 people. please update to most recent version. The only individuals who may be present while testimony is being given are members of the Grand Jury, attorneys for the government, the testifying witness, an interpreter when needed, and a court reporter to record the testimony. If a plea agreement has been reached, the government and defense counsel present that agreement to the court. According to TMZ, sources connected to the case said multiple witnesses testified before the grand jury on Wednesday (May 29), alleging the "I Believe I Can Fly" musician provided not only travel to underage girls for sexual . Ohio Crime Victim Justice Center, PO Box 369, Powell, Ohio 43065, the Ohio Attorney's General's "Services for Seniors" Page. Another avenue of relief is to ask the president for clemencythat is, to pardon his crime or reduce his sentencebut the president exercises his clemency power rarely. Monday through Friday Although victims may not be called to testify before a grand jury, the prosecutor typically will call any potential witness who is unpredictable or inclined to be untruthful to lock in testimony under oath. When a grand jury is selected, the court may also select alternate jurors. At the close of evidence, the prosecutor reads legal instructions and the law to jurors. Two points should be kept in mind: First: Not every crime is a federal offense. You will not be reimbursed for lost wages. The defense is entitled to cross-examine any witnesses questioned by the government. If you have been asked to appear before the Grand Jury it is because you may have some information or knowledge about a . (2) Alternate Jurors. If your testimony requires you to travel by plane or stay overnight, your travel will be arranged through the government travel agency and your airfare and lodging costs will be paid directly by the government. refuses to testify, your case could be dismissed especially if the only This is done often over the course of a day, a week or longer. To do so, the agents can apply for a search warrant from a magistrate (or judge) to search a particular site for relevant evidence. In addition, the defense and prosecution usually engage in considerable pretrial motion practice. Some victims are unfamiliar with the operation of the federal criminal justice system. Grand juries are closed and you are not entitled to have an attorney present. A preliminary hearing involves a prosecutor presenting sufficient evidence to establish probable cause that the alleged crimes were committed. For example, a victim may be called to testify as a witness to the crime or to explain how the victim was harmed by the crime. APS views abuse as a social problem. You may have been a witness to a crime, or heard something about a crime, or have witnessed an event related to the commission of a crime. Grand juries do not decide whether a defendant committed a crime, and they do not sentence offenders to probation, jail, or prison. Moreover, except in extraordinary circumstances, a victim cannot be excluded from the trial, even if the victim later will testify, which enables a victim to observe the in-court proceedings. Your browser is out of date. You have a right to have your criminal defense attorney present, however, your attorney is required to remain silent during your testimony and may not address the grand jury or object to any of the prosecutor's questions. When the jury has reached its decision, the jury will return to the courtroom and announce its verdict. New York Judge Sol Wachtler once famously said that a grand jury would indict a ham sandwich. If its that common for a grand jury to indict, why is it rare that police officers are charged? But in other cases, the prosecutor may seek to have the accused held in custody until the trial has concluded because the accused is seen as a danger to the community. What are the requirements for a grand jury to decide to indict someone? Motions by the prosecutor may include a request for reciprocal disclosure or a request for defendant to disclose alibi or psychiatric evidence. If a victim is represented by an attorney, the victims counsel also can address the court at sentencing. See All Criminal Law Information Articles, Do Not Sell or Share My Personal Information, a prosecutor believes that a witness has information about a crime committed by a third party, and wants to elicit that information to secure an indictment against the third party, or. Call Us Today: (888) 628-8394 or (732) 385-3339, 2021 Reisig Criminal Defense & DWI Law, LLC Restitution is a monetary payment made by an offender to the victim to compensate the victim for the financial harm caused by the crime. The prosecutor then presents the governments proof through physical evidence and witnesses. IF YOU MAKE YOUR OWN TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS WITHOUT CONSULTING WITH THE USAO, WE MAY BE UNABLE TO REIMBURSE YOU IN FULL FOR YOUR COSTS. Ultimately, the Prosecutor will determine whether to grant such permission. The grand jury is a group of individuals as a collective legal body whose function is to determine if criminal charges (an indictment) should be brought against a particular person or entity. In light of the outcry after the Ferguson and Staten Island grand jury decisions, is there any chance the law around grand juries would ever be changed or updated? That statement will be presented to the judge and made a part of the record at sentencing. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS Such a hearing may involve a victim testifying, but more often a law enforcement investigator can present the essential facts. Although victims may not be called to testify before a grand jury, the prosecutor typically will call any potential witness who is unpredictable or inclined to be untruthful to lock in testimony under oath. Alternate jurors must have the same qualifications and be selected in the same manner as any other juror. Obviously, every case is different. Numerous R. Kelly's accusers have reportedly given testimonies to a federal grand jury about the disgraced musician's alleged sex trafficking of underage girls.. More A child psychiatrist and a nun said that testifying alone before the 23-member grand jury, which meets in closed session, would be devastating for David. Some victims who are asked to testify are either married to or in a relationship with the defendant and may have children with that person. Brian Kemp's request to avoid testifying before the special purpose grand jury investigating Donald Trump and his allies' attempts to overturn Georgia's 2020 election . An official website of the United States government. You should discuss your situation with a lawyer before responding to a subpoena. issues the body attachment. So-yes---the arresting officer can be called to testify at a grand jury. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. The prosecutor also can force a witness to testify in front of the grand jury. Remember too, that jurors may have an opportunity to observe how you act outside of the courtroom. Call Attorney Fasoldt if you have received a grand jury subpoena - (617) 338-0009. In order to make that. When a felony is committed, here is what can happen: 1. The Role of Adult Protective Services These circumstances include: In any of the above situations, the prosecution may determine that the Have a question about Government Services. DO NOT DISCUSS THE CASE. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. * The reference to 1,389 cases without a DWI conviction applies to cases prior to November 1, 2017. If you are asked something you are not sure about, you can leave the room to consult with us.
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